UDC 631.95:631.58


Ryabtseva Natalya Aleksandrovna
Don state agrarian university, s. Persianovsky of the October district of the Rostov region

Presented research efficiency ways of the basic soil cultivation for crops field rotation. The features of adaptation conditions for crop rotation in the links. The efficiency of different methods of basic soil cultivation for crops in the rotation and their impact on the phytosanitary condition of the soil and crops, water regime, agrophysical properties. Conducting plowing provides optimal for normal plant growth and development properties of the soil. On the version without the basic processing of soil density of 0-40 cm during the growing season was the best in the range 1,25-1,28 g / cm3. Moisture reserves in spring m layer were higher in treatments without the basic processing and shallow tillage than after plowing. On the background of the minimum processing moisture accumulation was lower by 9 mm, compared with the control. The greatest number of weeds during the growing season was observed in all experimental variants, except for plowing. In periods critical cultures it was in the range of 65 to 93 pcs / m2. Clogging was the least against the background of plowing - 3 degree. The system of the most effective primary tillage in crop rotation: a combination of a combination of moldboard tillage for 25-27 cm and a couple of sunflower, shallow processing 12-14sm for spring barley and without primary tillage in a part of winter wheat - winter wheat.

Keywords: basic treatment of soil, crop rotation, methods are treatment of soil, moisture of soil., ruderal plants

Category: Agriculture

Article reference:
Ryabtseva N.A. Efficiency of methods of basic treatment of soil are in crop rotation // Agriculture, forestry and water management. 2015. № 2 [Electronic journal]. URL: https://agro.snauka.ru/en/2015/02/1811

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